Sparta is a Peloponnesian city and the capital city of Laconia. The distance from Athens is 220 km. and is inhabited by about 20,000 residents. Current Sparta is built south from the center of ancient homonym city, near the right bank of the river Eurotas. It is built on top of the ancient city, based on a Bavarian architectural design, to which it owes its' excellent layout. In the west - southwest stands the famous mountain Taygetos, with towering peaks and wild beauty. The mountain range of Parnon, full of sprouse firs and other trees, is located to the east of the city.
Sparta is filled with tree lined avenues, parks and preserved public buildings. The city has a vibrant nightlife and many youth hangouts. All these make up a modern and a beautiful city, one of the most beautiful of the country.
The archaelogical findings of ancient Sparta are unfortunately minimal. However, one can visit the sanctuary of Athena Chakioikou, the cult of which ended in the 4th century. AD, the temple of Artemis Orthia, the Menelaion (5 km.), where the deified Helen and Menelaos were worshiped and the temple of Apollo Amyklaios (5.5 km.) near the village Amyclae. Spartans also keep in prominent position the statue of the city legislator Lycurgus, the statue of King Leonidas and Leonidaion, a temple-shaped building where, according to tradition the bones of the glorious king were transferred and buried.
Neoclassical buildings are found all over the city. Among them the Town Hall, the Army Officers Club, the Courthouse and the Archaeological Museum. Also, remarkable are the Public Library, the Koumantareios Art Gallery, the Municipal Market and within a short range, the Vyzantine city of Mystras, the archaeological site of Keadas and the Sainopouleio Theatre.